In-text citation is a method of indicating within the text of a document (such as an essay or a research paper) that a specific part of the text has been taken from another source. It is used to give credit to the original author and to allow the reader to locate the source in the Works Cited or Reference page. The most common forms of in-text citation are parenthetical citation, also known as in-text citation, and narrative citation, also known as in-line citation.
EXAMPLES OF IN-TEXT CITATION
Examples of in-text citation include:
Parenthetical citation: According to a study by Smith (2020), the number of birds in urban areas has declined dramatically in recent year
Narrative citation: Smith (2020) found that the number of birds in urban areas has declined dramatically in recent years.
Found that the number of birds in urban areas has declined dramatically in recent years (Smith, 2020).
Note that the format of in-text citation can vary depending on the citation style being used (e.g. MLA, APA, Chicago). It is important to follow the specific guidelines of the citation style being used in the document.