No.1 Mass Communication Project Topics and Materials

HISTORY OF MASS MEDIA IN NIGERIA FROM IWE IROYIN TILL DATE

(Last Updated On: 25th January 2023)

INTRODUCTION

The history of mass media in Nigeria dates back to the late 19th century, when European missionaries introduced the printing press to the region. The first newspaper in Nigeria, “Iwe Irohin,” was established in 1859 by a Christian missionary named Henry Townsend. This newspaper was published in Yoruba language and mainly focused on religious and educational issues.

During the colonial period, the British government controlled the media through the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation, which was established in 1933. The Nigerian government took over the ownership and control of the media after independence in 1960, with state-run newspapers and television and radio stations becoming the dominant forms of mass media.

During the 1970s and 1980s, private ownership of media outlets began to increase, leading to a more diverse and independent press. However, the government still exerted a significant amount of control over the media through laws and regulations, and media censorship was a ongoing issue.

In the 1990s, the Nigerian press experienced a resurgence in freedom of expression and became more critical of government policies and actions. This period also saw the emergence of private radio and television stations, as well as the growth of the internet and social media.

In the 21st century, the Nigerian media landscape has become increasingly diverse, with a mix of state-controlled and privately owned outlets. However, the government continues to exert control over the media through laws and regulations, and media censorship and harassment of journalists remain issues. Additionally, the rise of social media has led to a proliferation of fake news and misinformation, creating challenges for traditional media outlets.

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