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Social Order

INTRODUCTION: Prior to the 2015 General Elections, Nigeria atmosphere was characterized by high corruption, insecurity, unemployment and political bitterness. But the hope of the people rose when General Muhammadu Buhari became a flag bearer of the All Progressive Congress and subsequently won and was inaugurated on May 29 2015 as the President of Nigeria. The belief of many Nigerians is that it is the dawn of a good era and discipline.

However, since the emergence of President Muhammadu Buhari in 2015 and re-election in 2019, this paper assesses the level of social orderliness in-country and much as administration meets Nigerians aspirations.

Social order is a fundamental concept in sociology that refers to the way the various components of society work together to maintain the status quo. They include social structures and institutions, social relations, social interactions and behaviour, cultural features such as norms, beliefs, and values (Nicki, 2019). Outside the field of sociology, people often use the term “social order” to refer to a state of stability and consensus that exists in the absence of chaos and upheaval (Nicki, 2019). The Buhari efforts in promoting and sustaining social order are better expounded under the following headings.

  • Terrorism
  • Social ideas
  • Fight against corruption
  • Border closure
  • Infrastructural development


Political corruption is a persistent phenomenon in Nigeria. President Muhammadu Buhari during his inauguration in 2015 defined corruption as the greatest form of human rights violation. Thus, campaigns against corruption have been one of the focuses of President Muhammadu Buhari since the assumption of office on May 29, 2015. Since the creation of modern public administration in the country, there have been cases of official misuse of funds and resources. The rise of public administration and the discovery of oil and natural gas are two major events seen to have led to the increase in corrupt practices in the country.

The government has aimed at containing corruption through the enactment of laws and the enforcement of integrity systems, but success has been slow. As of 2012, Nigeria is estimated to have lost over $400 billion to corruption since independence (Oyin, 2016).

Aderogba, (2013) cited in Watts (2008) affirms that the effects of corruption in Nigerian society cannot be overemphasized. Corruption is indeed a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabric of Nigerian society. It is a monster that all and sundry blame for the economic woes facing the country. This is because corruption is seen as one of the major impediments to the economic development of the nation. It is perhaps, the only reason why nothing seems to be working.

Using the existing anti-graft agencies like ICPC, EFCC, Code of Conduct Bureau and so on, President Buhari administration has proved to be effective in the fight against corruption. Some of the top corruption cases and scandals reported in Nigeria 2015- till date are listed below according to (Oluwole, 2015):

  1. N195 Billion Maina Pension Scam,
  2. Kerosene Subsidy Scam,
  3. $6bn Fuel Subsidy Scam,
  4. 123bn Naira Fraud – Stephen Oronsaye,
  5. Police Pension Fund Fraud,
  6. Stella Oduah car purchase scandal,
  7. NNPC missing $20billion naira,
  8. $15 million in Private Jet Arm Scandal,
  9. Abba Moro Immigration recruitment scandal,
  10. Crude Oil Theft Scandal,
  11. Arms scandal,
  12. Ekiti Gate,
  13. Ballot Papers,
  14. Pardon of Diepriye Alamieyesegha.,
  15. Mohammed Abacha N446 Billion case,
  16. Farouk Lawan $3m bribery scandal.,
  17. Diezanni Allison-Madueke Alleged Links with Kola Aluko,
  18. N6Billion Bribe to Christian Religious Leaders,
  19. Nigeria’s Dasuki ‘arrested over $2bn arms fraud’ and
  20. False Asset declaration by Senate president etc
  21. $15m Corruption Scandal: Former First Lady Patience Jonathan- Punch
  22. DasukiGate, EkitiGate: Two sons of Obanikoro on EFCC radar ▷ NAIJ
  23. 7bn arms funds traced to Obanikoro, Fayose —EFCC – Punch etc.

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