Keywords: COVID-19 LOCKDOWN
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of Corona-virus as a global pandemic is of paramount concern to the world and researchers in particular as a result, libraries on daily bases witness influx of researches (Annune, Agoh & Annune, 2020). The coronavirus disease otherwise known as (COVID-19) is an infectious and transmitted disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. It was first reported by WHO on the 31st of December 2019 and the virus emerged from Wuhan, China.
The cause of the disease was soon confirmed as a novel coronavirus, and the infection has since spread to many countries worldwide and has become a pandemic disease (Araz & Hersh, 2020). Several websites and mass media have disseminated information about COVID-19 and have given different instructions to their audience about ways to prevent the spread of the virus, such as keeping a distance between themselves and others, using masks, and washing their hands or using alcohol base hand sanitizer.
However, Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC, 2020) affirmed that, Corona-virus is a new strain of the virus that has not been previously identified inhuman beings. They advanced that, SARS-Cov-2 is the virus that causes corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This disease was initially named as the 2019-novel corona-virus (2019-nCoV) on 12 January 2020 but was later officially named by World Health Organization (WHO) as corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Although, Annune Agoh & Annune (2020) cited in Guo etal, (2020) stated that, Corona-virus Study Group (CSG) of the Inter-national Committee proposed to name the new Corona-virus as SARS-CoV-2, both was issued on 11 February 2020.
Medical experts noted that the virus transmit to another person when an individual comes in contact with an infected person, there are high chances of an individual becoming a victim and the end result in most cases is death as no vaccine has being discovered yet until recent when there are lots of emerging vaccines. As a result, governments adopt sensitization and awareness creation as tools to curb the spread of this notorious COVID-19 (Araz & Hersh, 2020).
Annune Agoh & Annune (2020) cited in WHO (2020), noted that Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a flu-like illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome. It is an unknown acute respiratory disease that spreads mainly through the respiratory tract killing thousands of people across the nations, countries and continents.
NCDC (2020) affirmed that the Federal Ministry of Health confirmed the first case of COVID19 on 27th February 2020 in Lagos adding that the victim was Italian citizen but work in Nigeria who returned from Milan, Italy. His case was confirmed by Virology Laboratory of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. It should be noted that coronavirus case across the globe is high as 127,519,788 out of which 2,792,568 deaths is recoded while 102,778,857 recovered.
According to NCDC (2021) coronavirus case across Nigeria is 162,641, 150,466 have been discharged whereas 2049 have dead from COVID19 complication out of a total of 1,767,694 sampled. Lagos, FCT, Plateau, Kaduna, Rivers, Oyo, Edo, Ogun, Kano, Ondo and Kwara states were that states mostly affected (NCDC, 2021). It should be noted that as of 29th, March 2021 NCDC confirmed 48 cases. ( extraction)