ABSTRACT: The study was on the thrust to investigate the influence of music as tool for promoting moral values with a specific focus on Iyanu by Tope Alabi on Students of Osun State Polytechnic Iree. Music is said to be a means of entertainment among others depend on the nature and music content. The study was anchored on the Uses and Gratification and Selectivity Theories. Survey research method was adopted in which 150 copies of questionnaires were administered and 130 were retrieved. quota sampling technique was also adopted to select respondents. The data were analysed and interpreted using frequency and percentage method. Findings show that many of the respondents (53%) admitted that they often listen and watch musicals. Majority of the students in Osun state polytechnic do listen and watch music on smartphones (46.2%) radio (23%) and CD/DVD (15.4%). The music Iyanu by Tope Alabi was really popular as many students (68%) listen to it at that time. Also, many respondents (85) have exposed to Tope Alabi song Mori Iyanu at least between 1-3 years ago. It was recommended that more good music be produced by the musicians rather than bad music that corrupt the society.
1.1 Background of the study
Music is a source of entertainment and relaxation that had long been with man in the history. Musical are seen as platforms for music stars to showcase their looks, dance steps and tell a story of their songs. In the Nigerian music landscape, it has grown beyond that into a medium for display of gangsterism, sex and violence while lots of music are educating, offers moral and entertain as well.
Music meant different things to different people as there is no universal meaning for music. However, it is a form of art for entertainment by putting sounds together in a way that interest people. Usually, music requires singing with voice(s) or playing musical instruments, such as the piano, guitar, or drums. It is define as an art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color. Playing of music or musical instrument(s) meant different things to different people and different time, mood, age for different purposes. Some music play consoling role, educative role, informative role, enlightenment role, cultural advancement role but in general, all music primarily entertain. Since time immemorial listen to music or musical instrument has been a tradition in so many culture with different musical instruments, patterns and language that revolve around their cultural background (Olayinka, 2015). Also, different music suitable for different occasions or event, for instance, the musical for wedding ceremony is different from the naming, funeral, coronation, etc
Similarly, in the past, music or playing musical instruments is occasional and not readily available since there were no recording devices at that time for musicals and therefore, the physical presence of the entertainers are always needed to do the job (Olayinka, 2015).
Today, music is everywhere – in the churches, schools, club houses, entertainment joints, on discs, mobile phones, on radio stations, television stations, computer, internet etc and this can be a live/stage performance or recorded, podcasting or streaming.
In Nigeria for instance, about 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria play different music and musical instrument usually accompany by dance. The Yoruba listen and dance to Apala, Judu, fuji, Ahurebe, dadakwada, ewi, Ijala among others in the past but now it is around the fuji music, hip hop, high live, and local hip hops. The same thing applicable to Akwa Ibom people, Iquot, is one of the interesting instruments used by Akwa Ibom people in the music and dance, Iquot (Frog) is an instrument used in non-ritualistic orchestras to add colour to their ensemble. Other instrument are Xylophone, Uta (guard horns), ekpat obon, the Ekput, Ikon Ikpa, Ikpa Mboto, oduk, Ikon Eto (wooden xylophone) and Obodom (wooden drum), Ekere Nkwong and Akankan. Etc.
Hausa/fulani use traditional Guitar called Hoddu, Drum (talking drum included) – Mbaggu, One string Violin – Nianooru or Nyanyeeru, Calabash – Tuumbude, Bells worn on legs during Gerewol for Mbororo (some of you non-Mbororo Fulani probably don’t know what this is): Akayoore, Flute (3 ways to say it for Mbororo Fulani) – Ndandalu, Serredu, Odiiru, Luth that Hausa call Kontigi or Gurmi – Hoddu and Gimi finatawa or Seygalare or Mbawdi (Niran, 2013).
The effects of music on youth have more to do with environment than contents. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, “adolescents” choice of music and their reactions to and interpretations of it vary with age, culture and ethnicity” adding that music is now part of life for youth. According to (video/music procon.org).
It is evident that music is synonymous with adolescents’ culture. According to American Academy of Pediatrics (2010), music is an important part of growing up and “plays an important role in the socialization of children and adolescents.” Study shows that music actually affects the mood of youth. Some studies have reported that adolescents use popular music to deal with loneliness and to take control of their emotional status or mood.” Given this idea, music can affect whether a teen is violent or non violent. Today, parents are often unaware of the lyrics to which their children are listening because of the increasing use of downloaded music and headphone.
For the purpose of this study, the focus of this study is on Mori Iyanu by Tope Alabi, the music which dwelled on God praising as usual, it is very inspiring and educational. It helps people to attribute all that happen to God. She maintained that there is nothing God cannot do even where worst is expected; God can bring mercy into the matter.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Nigerian music have been accused of been portrayal of foreign pattern of social life, in terms of dress, sex scenes, nudity, obscenity, vulgar language, curse, smoking, drinking hard drug. These styles are self-injurious in nature, and likely to affect the youths etc. Also, the failure by musical producers to make any strong comment against social ills is a short coming of the industry that shown illicit sex scenes in the video.
Similarly, lack of policy and laws to guard the youths make the issue worse as it left then to be brain washed and eroded culturally, morally and religion wise. However, music like Iyanu by Tope Alabi among other of her music is educational, interested, spiritual and pass moral values to people. It is against this background that the research appraise music as an instrument of promoting moral standard (A case study of Iyanu by Tope Alabi and Students of Osun State University with the view to know how much it has added moral values to the students of Osun State.
1.3 Research Questions
- To what extent do Osun State University listen to Iyanu by tope Alabi?
- Why do students of Osun State University listen to music?
1.4 Objectives of the Study
- To examine the extent which students of Osun State University listen to Iyanu by tope Alabi?
- To ascertain why do students of Osun State University listen to music?
1.5 Significance of the Study
The study will help to appreciate the important of music especially good music in the society and how it can add values to the moral values in the society.
It will help remove the idea of imitating Western cultures or ways of life among Nigerians especially students who prefer foreign ideologies to Nigeria or anything black.
The conduct of this research will enable the government to know what role the media can play in the development of a country and therefore, harness the mass media especially Tv in the democratic process and development process in general.
Government through its agencies such as National Broadcasting Commission (NBC), Broadcasting Organisation of Nigeria (BON), Nigerian Communication Satellite (NIGCOMSAT) that are saddled with the responsibility to ensure fairness and policing of media should put adequate measures in place to check the movement of foreign television programmes into Nigeria.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study which investigated the influence of music as tool for promoting moral with a specific focus on Iyanu by Tope Alabi on Students has been narrowed in scope to the students of Osun State University, Osogbo since all Nigerian students cannot be studied. Other factors for selecting UNIOSUN include its proximity to the researcher while such cable television influence is noticed among the students of UNIOSUN.
1.7 Operational Definitions of Terms.
Appraisal: It means to critically look into how music be used as instrument for moral standards.
Music as an instrument: It entails music as tools for promoting moral values among students in Osun State University, Osogbo
Promoting moral standard: This means how music can be used to promote and enhance moral values among students.
Iyanu by Tope Alabi: This is one of the musics from Tope Alabi, a popular gospel music singer in Nigeria, the music is all about praising and worshiping of God wonders and mightiness.
Students of Osun State University, Osogbo : These are students of Osun state Universty, Osogbo campuS