ANALYSIS OF FAKE NEWS AND CITIZEN JOURNALISM CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA

The research analyzed of fake news and citizen journalism challenges in Nigeria with a focus on NUJ Port Harcourt. It is not an over emphasized that fake news has affected the social-political nature of this country and many developing nations at large because it did not only robbed the mainstream media its integrity, trust and reliability but also ruin the business of reporting which is important watchdog. The study is anchored on Social Responsible Theory, Democratic Participant Media Theory and Information Systems Theory. Survey research method was employed while questionnaire was used as data collection instrument. Taro Yamani Formula was used to determine sample size of two hundred. The data collected were analysis using frequency and percentage table. The findings of the study was that citizen journalism offer access to multiple sources, audience hate fake news and that fake news is an abuse of freedom of expression. Similarly, majority of respondents agreed that citizen journalism will bring about the spread of fake news and information overload while respondents identified the originality in stories by comparing it with another sources and to observe what other people are saying about the stories. Meanwhile, respondents agreed that they are now informed because they read lots of stories, while majority of the respondents often spotted fake news on new media (social media). It is recommended that member of the public should possess media literacy skill to be able to think critically about the information they consume while journalists should employ Fact-Checking Network.

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