INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON SEX TRAFFICKING AMONG UNIPORT STUDENTS

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Human trafficking has long been a concern to the concern men, women, governments and agencies with various legislations been passed locally and global to address the subject matter, However, instead to see the end of such injustice, it becoming wax stronger day in day out as the traffickers employing more strategically and tactical way to gain access to the target vulnerable especially the young ladies. Human trafficking is considered modern-day slavery because it requires the use of fraud, force, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act. Human trafficking is an umbrella term used for the all form of illegal migration of human being especially for illegal activities.

Anti-Slavery International (2018) defines human trafficking as recruitment, harbouring or transporting people into a situation of exploitation through the use of violence, deception or coercion and forced to work against their will. In other words, trafficking is a process of enslaving people, coercing them into a situation with no way out, and exploiting them

Also, human trafficking can be described as any form of the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs (UNODC, 2018).

            Sex trafficking is a sub-topic under human trafficking and it is the act of trafficking human for sexual exploitation which include sexual slavery. Sex trafficking is considered as one of the biggest criminal businesses and is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world (Kara,2009).

Although, there are lots of channels or means by which human are lure, convinced and trafficked, however, the globalization and modernization through the emergence of technology particularly has not only made a world a global village but has also compressed the world into a single electronic room where people, business, education, interactions and politics that used to be possible are now made possible online. However, social media is increasingly being exploited to contact, recruit and sell children for sex, according to a study by The University of Toledo Human Trafficking and Social Justice Institute. There are instances in Nigeria those friends especially ladies who meet men online have been killed or used as rituals. In fact, there are lots of what is called romance scam in the country.

The findings equally revealed how traffickers quickly target and connect with vulnerable children on the Internet through social media (University of Toledo, 2018). It is of not that the traffickers connect to vulnerable youth online, groom the children to form quicker relationships, avoid detection, and move the connections from online to in-person. Internet has made it easier for the traffickers and vulnerable to interact more from mere online messaging to physical meeting . As technology is playing a larger role in trafficking, this allows some traffickers to be able to exploit youth without meeting face-to-face. Social media helps to mask traditional cues that alert individuals to a potentially dangerous person (University of Toledo, 2018).

Williamson (2018) stressed that by monitoring the vulnerable children online, the traffickers studying what the victim posts on commonly used view-and-comment sites such as Facebook, Instagram or SnapChat, as well as dating apps such as Tinder, Blendr and Yellow, or webcam sites like Chatroulette and Monkey, in order to build trust. Adding that the traffickers learn about the girls and pretend to understand them, and so these girls, who are feeling not understood and not loved and not beautiful … these guys are very good at sort of pretending that they are all of these things and they really understand them

Although, there are lots of channels or means by which human are lure, convinced and trafficked, however, the globalization and modernization through the emergence of technology particularly has not only made a world a global village but has also compressed the world into a single electronic room where people, business, education, interactions and politics that used to be possible are now made possible online. However, social media is increasingly being exploited to contact, recruit and sell children for sex, according to a study by The University of Toledo Human Trafficking and Social Justice Institute.

The findings equally revealed how traffickers quickly target and connect with vulnerable children on the Internet through social media (University of Toledo, 2018). It is of not that the traffickers connect to vulnerable youth online, groom the children to form quicker relationships, avoid detection, and move the connections from online to in-person. Internet has made it easier for the traffickers and vulnerable to interact more from mere online messaging to physical meeting . As technology is playing a larger role in trafficking, this allows some traffickers to be able to exploit youth without meeting face-to-face. Social media helps to mask traditional cues that alert individuals to a potentially dangerous person (University of Toledo, 2018).

Williamson (2018) stressed that by monitoring the vulnerable children online, the traffickers studying what the victim posts on commonly used view-and-comment sites such as Facebook, Instagram or SnapChat, as well as dating apps such as Tinder, Blendr and Yellow, or webcam sites like Chatroulette and Monkey, in order to build trust. Adding that the traffickers learn about the girls and pretend to understand them, and so these girls, who are feeling not understood and not loved and not beautiful … these guys are very good at sort of pretending that they are all of these things and they really understand them.

Traffickers find victims through home neighborhood, clubs, bars, hotels, internet, schools and lure them through promises such as protection, adventures, love, home, money, job and other opportunities. At sometimes, they use violence, fear, threats, intimidations in order to ensure compliance and meeting their demand. The common age of a child entering sex trafficking is often between 14-16 says Shared Hope Organisaiton (2018). In some society, it is called prostitution but from the law point of view, it is called sex trafficking.

Meanwhile, due to the social stigma and community perception, misinformation, majority of the victims were silenced by fear and the control of the traffickers i.e the victims are not known. at the end of their life, the victims often treated for drug abuse, alcohol abuse, domestic violence, delinquency, teenage pregnancy, STDS, abortion or even death.

To this end, the paper examines the influence of social media on sex trafficking with the view to know the extent at which students are aware of online traffickers and how not to fall prey of cyber-sex hunters.

 

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