The research does an assessment of the use of social media by students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria, using Osun State University students, with a view to ascertain the level of compliance with social media networks for political awareness from students of the selected institution, as well as to know the extent in which students learning skill can be improved through social media. Technological Determinism and Uses and Gratification Theories were used as justification for the work. The research used survey research method coupled with 150 copies of questionnaires that were administered to respondents, out which 145 copies were correctly filled and analyzed using frequency and percentage table method. Findings show that social media networks have not been properly harnessed by students of tertiary institutions, especially in reading and learning. It was recommended that management of Osun State University should inculcate social media into students learning environment for better and improved understanding.