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INFLUENCE OF EMAIL AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR JOURNALISM

(Last Updated On: 18th November 2022)

ABSTRACT: This study examined the influence of E-Mail  as an effective tool for Journalism. However, Information and Communication Technology such as the Internet, email (Gmail, Yahoomail,), search engines (Google and Yahoo), social media (Facebook, Twitter, etc) etc have positively contributed to the information gathering, dissemination and communication efficiency among media practitioners. Feedback are responsive and effective more than ever before in the history of print and broadcasting thereby making the broadcast media more interactive. A survey research method was adopted and questionnaire was used to elicit respondents within Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) using accidental sampling technique. The data were analyzed in descriptive statistics. Finding shows that journalists use email largely especially in sending news reports mostly the visuals etc. It was recommended that media organizations should embrace Internet, email and social media in carrying out their duties as it enhances effective communication while email login details should be kept secret to avoid been used by the unauthorized persons.


EMAIL AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR JOURNALISM

Table of Contents

Title    Page                                                                                                               

Certification                                                                                                             

Dedication                                                                                                                

Acknowledgement                                                                                      

Table of contents                                                                                                    

Abstract                                                                                                                    

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       Introduction

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Research Question

1.4       Purpose of the Study

1.5       Significance of the Study

1.6       Scope of the Study

1.7       Limitation of the Study

1.8       Operational Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1       Conceptual Review

2.1.1   What is Communication?

2.1.2   What is Internet?

2.1.3   Origin of Internet?

2.1.4   Services and Tools available on Internet

2.1.5   Concept of E-mail

2.1.7   A Brief History of Email

2.1.6   Top 10 Email Service Providers

2.1.8   Concept of Social media

2.1.9   Origin of social media

2.1.10 Major New Media/ Social media

2.1.11 History and Development of major Social Media/Macro-Blogs

2.1.12 Characteristics of the internet/Email

2.1.13 Impact of Internet/Email on the Practice of Journalism

2.1.14 Strengths and Weaknesses of Different Mass Media

2.1.15 Weakness of Old Mass Media and Strength of Internet/Email/Social media

2.1.16 Problems facing effective use of Internet/Email/social media as Information Media

2.1.17 Citizen Journalism Practice: The Nigerian Situation

2.1.18 How to Optimize Internet Communication in Nigeria

2.2       Empirical Review

2.3       Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Introduction

3.1       Restatement of Research Questions

3.2       Research Design

3.3       Characteristics of the Study Population

3.4       Sampling Design and Procedure

3.5       Data Collection Instrument 

3.6       Validity and Reliability of Study Instrument

3.7       Administration of Data Collection Instrument

3.8       Rate of Return of Questionnaire

3.9       Data Analysis Procedure 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0       Data Analysis and Discussion of Findings                                              

4.1       Data Analysis                                                                                              

4.3       Discussion of the Findings                                                                         

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations                           

5.1       Summary                                                                                                      

5.2       Conclusion                                                                                      

5.3       Recommendations                                                                          

            Bibliography

            Appendix 


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

The various breakthroughs in the area of information and communication technologies (I.C.T) have made it possible for people all over the world to communicate and exchange information among themselves within seconds or minutes depending on the type and length of communication or information.

Indeed, the 1.C.T has turned the world into a global village where people of diverse colures, cultures and background now freely interact and share inforrriation among themselves. Some of the major ICT tools found to be in the vanguard of this friendly interactions that often promote peace and understanding in the world are THE E-MAIL AND INTERNET usual operated through computers.

Unlike in the past, information that usually takes many days or weeks to disseminate now takes seconds or minutes when they are channeled through THE E-MAIL AND INTERNET. It is now possible for people including professional communicators, including journalists, public officers and others to get desired information from other areas of the country or from other countries or to give them information as quickly as possible with the advent of THE E-MAIL enables people to communicate interpersonally through the internet.

According to Olaniyan, Magbagbeola and Fatoki (2001) studies have shown that sending information through the e-mail is cheaper and much faster than sending it through telephone or fax machine.

The roles of E-MAIL and INTERNET as tools of communication and journalism cannot be underestimated because such technologies present immense opportunities for information communication, storage and retrieval. E-mail and Internet compel institutional reorganization. They have become lifeblood of any successful business strategies.

Considering that traditional newspaper readers have access to computers and other interactive mobile technologies, newspaper operation have no choice but to design strategies best suited to reach the mobile and computer networked reader when designing such strategies newspapers operations need to exploit various multimedia channels to complement their stories such as games visuals(video and images) and text.

In the past, traditional newspapers could only tell stories through text and images only, but now the advent of new media technologies allows journalists to tell stories in multiple channels. This increase the credibility of the story. It also allows (readers) to become active participants in information creation. In other words, it turns users form been passive recipients of information to active participants of information production.

To further understanding, the role or E-mail and Internet in communication and journalism, this project work examines the internet (online news) and its capability compared to other forms of traditional communication. This (online news) offers a complete communication solution for both journalists and their audience, compared to radio, television, newspaper and magazines.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

The purpose of the study is to provide the basic information for Email and internet as tools of communication and journalism in other to enhance the success, growth and expansion of the application of ICT in the communication and journalism process, whose findings and recommendations are considered, it will be useful to all parties involved in the journalism and communication process and enables government to formulate useful principles.

1.3       Research Questions

            The research questions that will be needed are as follow:

i.     Do E-mail and social media offer fast communication in the media industry?

ii.     Of what significance is E-mail and internet in the communication process?

1.4       Objectives of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to realize the extent to which information technology (E-mail and Internet) can influence effective communication in journalism with attention on the mass media industry of Nigeria. The study has its purpose and advantages towards identifying E-mail and social media as tool to restructure and enhance and communication and journalism in Nigeria. The main; purpose of this study is also enumerated below:-

(i)        To identify the problems and possible measures of communications through the E-mail and social media.

(ii)       To know the contribution of effective communication process to the nation’s economy.

1.5       Significance of the Study

The study will enable us to stimulate increase use of information technology on the part of journalists, the public, business organization and  even the government bodies.

It will enable us to search into the improvement of internet infrastructure and how effective social networking system can be used as an effective tool to boost communication and journalism activities.

It will enable us to offer or prescribe solution to those problem faced by public in   having access to the public media and reporting.

1.6       Scope of the Study

The study which focuses on impact of email and social media as tools on effective communication in journalism was narrowed in scope to journalists in Osun State. Thus, the geographical scope of this study was within Osun State. The choice of journalists in Osun State is due to the proximity to the researcher, inadequate time to study journalists in Osun State among other logistics. Also, the demographic factors of the respondents will carefully study before the administration of research instruments such factors include: age, gender, academic level e.t.c           

1.7       Operational Definition of Terms

We took the pairs in giving definition to terms used in this study so that, it will be possible for the readers to have the full knowledge of E-mail and Internet as a tool for communication and journalism without being a journalist and so also make the work more comprehensive.

Electronic Mail: – Electronic mail, commonly called E-mail is a method of exchanging digital messages form an author to one or more recipients.

Modern E-mail operates across the Internet or computer networks. Some early E-mail systems required that the author and the recipient both be online at the same time, in common with instant messaging.

The Internet:- The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies.

Journalism:- Journalism is the practice of investigation and reporting of events, issues and trends to a broad audience or to heterogeneous audience.

Through there are many variations of journalism, the ideal is to inform the citizenry. Along with covering organizations and institutions such as government and business, journalism also covers cultural aspects of society such as arts and entertainment.


“INFLUENCE OF EMAIL AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR JOURNALISM”


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