ROLE OF BROADCASTING STATIONS AGAINST DRUG ABUSE

Abstract The research which examined the role of broadcasting stations against drug abuse with a specific focus on Programmes on Heartland and Hot FM stations Owerri respectively. The continuous abuse of drugs has led to a situation of drug addiction and various harmful effect of drug on individuals and society at a large. The study was anchored on Social Responsibility Theory and Agenda Setting Theory. Survey research method was adopted coupled with questionnaire that was administered to respondents within Heartland and Hot FM in Owerri. One hundred (100) respondents were sampled while 90 copies of the questionnaire were returned. The …READ MORE …

AN ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF BROADCAST MEDIA COVERAGE OF GENDER ISSUE IN OSUN STATE

The research examined public perception of broadcast media coverage of gender issue in Osun State with a particular focus NTA and OSBC, Osogbo. The study was anchored on Mute Theory and Perception Theory. One hundred and fifty (150) respondents were selected from both OSBC and NTA Osogbo respectively. The study adopted simple random sampling method to pick respondents from both TV stations. The main data collection instrument used was questionnaire while were analysed using frequency and percentage. There is no doubt about the fact that mass media especially the broadcasting houses are promoting women folk to ensure gender balance or …READ MORE …

Relevance of Public Relations in Health Institutions

Abstract The study examines the relevance of public relations in health institutions with a particular reference to Ekiti State Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti. The research was anchored on Grunig and Hunt Model of Public Relations with much emphasis on the Two Way Symmetric which believe that feedback is essential in every communication and must be used to improve communication. The study adopted survey research method as a quantitative method while sampling by convenience was used to selected the respondents in which 100 respondents were picked in all. The main data collection instrument employed was a structured questionnaire.  The data collected were …READ MORE …

WRITING RESEARCH REPORT

Introduction             Writing research reports is not a new phenomenon but, rather an integral part of scholarship, industrial and academic world. Carrying out a research is not completed until it is reported or disseminated in order for others to benefit i.e. the need to communicate a research work or studies to other interested parties in the form of; conference/seminar/workshop papers; as articles in journals or magazines; reports to funding agencies and thesis or dissertation for degrees in tertiary education institutions.             Thus, writing research reports is a necessity among undergraduate, postgraduate students, academics, industry professionals and researchers. Also, one of …READ MORE …

BENEFITS OF LITERATURE REVIEW TO THE RESEARCHER

A thorough exploration of the literature review will help to articulate our own research problems, objectives, as well as formulating our research questions or hypothesis. It helps to know the existing GAPS It helps to notices the important concepts and variables and how they were operationalized It widens the researcher knowledge of the problem It gives researchers detailed knowledge of the method and design that he can adopt or use new ones. It helps the researcher to arrive at picking a suitable scope It suggested theories previously used

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN THE LITERATURE REVIEW

What has been done generally about the problem What research methods and designs used What theory has been used What data collection have been used How have scholars conceptualized and operationalized most key variables What are the recurring themes in the studies What are the areas of convergence and divergence in the literature What is the period and time the studies were conducted: decades, ago, recently, 2015 above What are the geographical locations of most literature? What deficiencies or GAPs noticed in the previous work. What are their findings of previous studies What is their suggestion, recommendation and the limitations …READ MORE …

Sources of Literature for Review

Literatures are documented or recorded studies usually in the past that are related and relevant to a particular study at hand. Literature review implies consulting available literature to learn. Textbooks Peer review journals Newspapers Magazines online blogs social media pages documentary broadcast programmes Annual report of organization Government or agencies reports

HOW TO QUICKLY KNOW A GOOD MATERIAL FOR A LITERATURE REVIEW

Name of the authors or researchers Read the title of the literature ( lookout for the variables) Read the abstract ( since it is the summary) Read the introduction Go to the theories Go to the methods See the findings Check the conclusion and recommendations Look at the date Look at the citation ( old or new) Look at the location of the work ( Nigeria or UK )

RESEARCH PROCEDURES OR STEPS

Select a Topic or problem or issue Reviewing existing literature ( To have depth and breadth of conceptual, empirical, theory, methods, an instrument used and particularly the GAPS) Research problem ( Gaps noticed) Research objectives Research Questions and Hypothesis Appropriate Research method (s) Appropriate data collection instrument (s) Analysis of Data and interpretation Presentation of the result in an appropriate form Publish, share and disseminate the research ( option) Encyclical (your limitations could begins other research problems and become a new GAP)

FUNCTIONS OF RESEARCH

1    To make a valid decision about social phenomenon 2    To understand a phenomena better 3    To show relationship between two or more variables of phenomenon 4    To explain and interpret a problem 5    To predict social reality 6     To describe a phenomenon 7     It helps to change our old perception 8     IT  help to validate reject or modify a theory 9     It helps to provide logical answers to our hypothensis

Special Gist that All Final Year Students Must Know Before Project Selection

Project writing has been a nightmare to students; from the beginning (selecting appropriate topics) to the end (project defense). Most students don’t find this easy, sometimes they attributed their weaknesses or problems to their supervisors. “saying my supervisor is wicked, bad, hard, tough, not approachable or just saying too meticulous”. Project writing is not about “MAGIC” rather it is about “LOGIC”. Causes of Students Flop in Project Some students don’t start their project on time while others have actually started. Students valued course work but don’t replicate same in their thesis. Some students select topic for their research anyhow, not …READ MORE …

INFLUENCE OF OUTDOOR ADVERTISING ON POLITICIANS’ ELECTORAL SUCCESS

Abstract The research examined the influence of outdoor advertising on politicians’ electoral success using the 2014 and 2018 Osun governorship election as a yardstick. It is of note that; the presence of various outdoor media platforms like billboard, poster, banner e.t.c has commanded a large number of followership for candidates. This research was anchored on Uses and Gratification Theory and Psychodynamic Theory. The research also used survey research method coupled with 250 copies of questionnaires that were administered to respondents within Ifelodun local government from which 220 copies were correctly filled and analyzed using frequency and percentage table method. Findings …READ MORE …

Commercialization of Broadcasting Station in Nigeria

            The history of allowing sponsored messages or advertisement over the airwaves of Nigerian television or radio was replete with disagreement between professionals and the government department. The parliamentarian Act which established the NBS conceived it as a public corporation, which was modeled the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), a non-commercial public service.             But the reality of the enormous cause of funding broadcasting forced the administrators of radio stations to ask the government to allow it go commercial especially because of the criticism from the public that most of the television and radio stations in Nigeria operated as a propaganda …READ MORE …

ASSESSING STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF MEDIA REPORTAGE OF BIAFRA AGITATION

Abstract  The research Assessing Students Perception of Media Reportage of Biafra Agitation in Nigeria. The rationale for carrying out this study is on the thrust that the way media set agenda and frame issues often determine public perception and what they say about the issue. That is why the research was anchored on the Agenda Setting Theory and Social Responsibility Method Theory. The survey research method was adopted and the questionnaire was used as the main data collection instrument. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 150 respondents within Osun State Polytechnic Iree. The data collected were analyzed using frequency …READ MORE …

The First Colour Television Station in Nigeria

From 1959 when the first television station in Nigeria began in Africa through the early 70s about for television station with fuel in operations in each of the four political region but they could transmit in the first television station that rout from is all saints operated are transmitted colour was a temporary plateau television station now known as NTA Jos the city of Jos is also the place where NTA is having his training school the television college the college is now available to traveling Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi around degree programs in the respect of television broadcasting and …READ MORE …

Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN)

            The Decree 24 of 1977 which created (Nigeria Television Authority) NTA, also transformed the radio service into an autonomous body known as the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) with station identification name is Radio Nigeria. FRCN is also headed by director general who is responsible to a board of directors appointed by the Federal Government, the director general assistance by a team of directors otherwise known as Central Management Community (CFC). FRCN is embarking on expansion program similar to NTA arrangement as more FRCN stations are springing up across the country and today we have at least one …READ MORE …

Meaning of Research

Research can be defined as a step by step approach of collecting, processing and analyzing data in order to understanding, evaluate, predict, explain and describe or solve a particular problem. Research is a planned process of seeking dependable answers to understand or predict a problem (Anunmy, 2000). Lawal (2005) in his model defines research as: Identify a problem Stating the objectives Collecting and analyzing valid data Drawing valid conclusion

ANALYSING THE CHALLENGES FACING THE MEDIA IN A CAPITALIST ECONOMY

Abstract The research study analyzes the challenges facing the media in a capitalist economy with a focus on journalists in Lagos, the commercial nerve of Nigeria loaded with many private media establishments. The study anchored on the four normative theories of the press particularly the Social Responsibility Theory, Libertarian Media Theory and Social Communist Media Theory. Survey research method and questionnaire were used as a research instrument to gather the required data. 100 respondents among journalists in Lagos were randomly drawn using convenience sampling technique. The data were analyzed using frequency and percentage table.  Findings in the study show that …READ MORE …

APPRAISAL OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN SOME SELECTED BANKS

ABSTRACT The research appraises corporate social responsibility in some selected banks in Osogbo particularly in the First Bank, GTB and Diamond Bank respectively. For organisation to grow, survive and have favorable image, it must be socially responsible because it is regarded as the overall personality of an organisation while it serves as a soft selling strategy. Stakeholder Theory and Gruning & Hunt Model were used. The survey research method was used while the data collection instrument used was the questionnaire. The study will employ Non-probability sampling technique to select 150 respondents in First Bank, GTB and Diamond Bank. The data …READ MORE …

News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)

News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)             “No one knows Nigeria like NAN”, this is the slogan/tag used often by the News Agency of Nigeria. NAN is regarded as Nigeria’s face just like the Reuters and Associated Press etc. NAN was set up by the Decree 19 of 1976 while NAN started full operation on October 2nd, 1978 with the core objective of providing news service to the subscribers in Nigeria. NAN is available across the 36 states of Nigeria, anywhere and always where the news is. News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) offers news for broadcasting media, newspapers, magazines and even …READ MORE …

Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ)

            Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) came into existence on March 15th, 1955 in Lagos as a Labour Union body. NUJ is one of the many groups that were founded to champion the struggle for Nigeria Independence in 1960. Although the many of the earlier members were not media professional, this is evidence as one of the founding fathers of the Union, late Chief Olu Oyesanya who spearheaded its formation was then an Information Officer in the Department of Information under the colonial Government (NUJ, 2017)             Meanwhile, when the Union held his second meeting some officers were elected to …READ MORE …

ANALYSING THE INCREASING COMPETITION BETWEEN NEWS BLOGGERS AND TRADITIONAL JOURNALISTS

Abstract The study analyzing the increasing competition between news bloggers and traditional journalists in Nigeria. The emergence, proliferation and advancement in information and communication technology which has brought about social media, blogging and other digital platforms that have revolutionalised the practice of journalism not only in Nigeria but through the world. The research was anchored on Technological Determinism and Diffusion of Innovation Theory. Survey research method was used coupled with questionnaire as data collection instrument. The sample size for this research was sixty (60) journalists who were purposively drawn from NUJ, Press Centre, Osogbo and another 5 bloggers that responded …READ MORE …

APPRAISING THE USE OF DRUMS AS A MEDIUM OF COMMUNICATION IN IMESI-ILE COMMUNITY

Abstract The research is set out to appraise the use of drums as means of communication in Imesi-Ile community because traditional means of communication otherwise known as trado-media communication has been part and parcel of African society and Yoruba people during occasions such as coronation, funeral ceremony, traditional festival, naming ceremony among other community-based events. The study was anchored on Medium Theory and Theory of SMCR in Drumming. The study used survey research method and questionnaires to elicit responses from the 250 respondents within Imesi-Ile community who were purposively through non-probability technique out of which 226 copies were correctly filled …READ MORE …

ASSESSING THE LEVEL OF DIGITALIZATION OF BROADCAST MEDIA IN OSUN STATE

Abstract Digitization of broadcasting media is a special phase in the history of Mass Media in Nigeria and all over the world especially in this 21st century. The research, therefore, assesses the level of digitalization of broadcast media in Osun State especially among journalists in Osun State. The study was anchored on the Diffusion of Innovation Theory and Technological Determinism Theory. The survey research method was used coupled with questionnaires that were administered to the respondents among journalists in Osun State using purposive sampling technique out of which 90 copies were returned and analyzed using frequency and percentage. Findings have …READ MORE …

History of NTA

            The Nigerian Television Authority came into being in May 1977 through Decree 24 of 1977 which had retroactive effect from April 1976.  By the Decree, all existing 12 regional television Stations established in the country between October 1959 and 1974 came under the Umbrella of the NTA which became the only body empowered to take TV Broadcasting in Nigeria (NTA, 2013).             In 1976, Television and indeed Plateau State TV metamorphosed from black and white to colour. Funding of the Stations became a responsibility of the Federal Government and networking of News commenced via Domestic Satellite from April 1976. NTA has maintained …READ MORE …

IMPACT OF SEX APPEAL IN ADVERTISING MESSAGES AMONG STUDENTS

Abstract The research examined the impact of sex appeal in advertising messages, particularly how ladies are portrayed in advertisement especially in this era when they have become instruments of attraction in advertising. The research was anchored on Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action (AIDA) Theory. The survey research method was used to select respondents among students of Osun State Polytechnic, Iree.  Non-probability sampling technique was used to select respondents from seven faculties using purposive sampling. The data collection instrument for this research was questionnaire as 250 copies were administered. Findings show that many students like exposure to sex appeal in the …READ MORE …

CARTOON CHARACTER ENGAGEMENT BEHAVIOUR OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

CHAPTER ONE 1.0       Introduction 1.1       Backgrounds to the Study             Childhood as a stage in the human life cycle encompasses a period of phenomenal biological, physiological, psychological, and social growth. It is a stage between infancy and the beginning of adolescence, about age twelve, the human acquires major life skills the ability to walk, talk, read, care for oneself, and come to know the world around him or her. During this time, the child first encounters the major agents of socialization: the family, peers, schools, and media etc which shapes the moral, values, interest and direct a child …READ MORE …

The Voice of Nigeria (VON)

The Voice of Nigeria (VON) is regarded as the official voice of Nigeria government in the international community just like the Voice of America, BBC World Service by the British government, Radio Moscow by Russia, DW is totally funded by German, Press TV by the Iranian Government; CCTV by China, the Qatar government-owned Aljazeera TV. The channels are used for politics, economy, social cultural and international diplomacy (Akintayo and Akinreti, 2016).             The Voice of Nigeria (VON) is expected to serve as an external broadcasting service otherwise known as international broadcasting with the objective to promote indigenous cultural values through …READ MORE …

PERCEPTION OF NTA NETWORK NEWS AMONG ADO-EKITI RESIDENTS

ABSTRACT The research is set out to examine the perception of NTA Network News among Ado-Ekiti Residents with the few to understand and identify the extent of watching NTA network news, motivating factors and other News at night preferences because news is one of the interesting television programmes. The study was anchored by the Uses and Gratification Theory and Source Credibility Theory while survey research method coupled with 200 copies of questionnaires that were administered to respondents in Ado-Ekiti Mainly from Afebabalola University community, Ekiti State Government Secretariat etc from which 174 copies were analysed using frequency and percentage table …READ MORE …