WRITING RESEARCH REPORT

Introduction             Writing research reports is not a new phenomenon but, rather an integral part of scholarship, industrial and academic world. Carrying out a research is not completed until it is reported or disseminated in order for others to benefit i.e. the need to communicate a research work or studies to other interested parties in the form of; conference/seminar/workshop papers; as articles in journals or magazines; reports to funding agencies and thesis or dissertation for degrees in tertiary education institutions.             Thus, writing research reports is a necessity among undergraduate, postgraduate students, academics, industry professionals and researchers. Also, one of …READ MORE …

BENEFITS OF LITERATURE REVIEW TO THE RESEARCHER

A thorough exploration of the literature review will help to articulate our own research problems, objectives, as well as formulating our research questions or hypothesis. It helps to know the existing GAPS It helps to notices the important concepts and variables and how they were operationalized It widens the researcher knowledge of the problem It gives researchers detailed knowledge of the method and design that he can adopt or use new ones. It helps the researcher to arrive at picking a suitable scope It suggested theories previously used

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN THE LITERATURE REVIEW

What has been done generally about the problem What research methods and designs used What theory has been used What data collection have been used How have scholars conceptualized and operationalized most key variables What are the recurring themes in the studies What are the areas of convergence and divergence in the literature What is the period and time the studies were conducted: decades, ago, recently, 2015 above What are the geographical locations of most literature? What deficiencies or GAPs noticed in the previous work. What are their findings of previous studies What is their suggestion, recommendation and the limitations …READ MORE …

Sources of Literature for Review

Literatures are documented or recorded studies usually in the past that are related and relevant to a particular study at hand. Literature review implies consulting available literature to learn. Textbooks Peer review journals Newspapers Magazines online blogs social media pages documentary broadcast programmes Annual report of organization Government or agencies reports

HOW TO QUICKLY KNOW A GOOD MATERIAL FOR A LITERATURE REVIEW

Name of the authors or researchers Read the title of the literature ( lookout for the variables) Read the abstract ( since it is the summary) Read the introduction Go to the theories Go to the methods See the findings Check the conclusion and recommendations Look at the date Look at the citation ( old or new) Look at the location of the work ( Nigeria or UK )

RESEARCH PROCEDURES OR STEPS

Select a Topic or problem or issue Reviewing existing literature ( To have depth and breadth of conceptual, empirical, theory, methods, an instrument used and particularly the GAPS) Research problem ( Gaps noticed) Research objectives Research Questions and Hypothesis Appropriate Research method (s) Appropriate data collection instrument (s) Analysis of Data and interpretation Presentation of the result in an appropriate form Publish, share and disseminate the research ( option) Encyclical (your limitations could begins other research problems and become a new GAP)

FUNCTIONS OF RESEARCH

1    To make a valid decision about social phenomenon 2    To understand a phenomena better 3    To show relationship between two or more variables of phenomenon 4    To explain and interpret a problem 5    To predict social reality 6     To describe a phenomenon 7     It helps to change our old perception 8     IT  help to validate reject or modify a theory 9     It helps to provide logical answers to our hypothensis