The study investigated the effects of unplanned pregnancy on female students at the University of Enugu. The sample consisted of 22 female students whose ages range from 15-26+. Female students who are sexually active were more likely to use no contraceptives, which puts them at a high risk of unplanned pregnancy. Some are influenced by their partners regarding birth control or they forget to use contraceptives altogether. University students engage in sexual intercourse, generally with multiple partners. The University of Enugu female students are faced with the problem of unplanned pregnancies, which is very high. It has become imperative, therefore, to get some answers to the questions as to why some fall pregnant and say it was unplanned and some do not know who impregnated them. The researcher wanted to examine perceptions of the effects of unplanned pregnancy on female students; to examine long term or on-going effects that female students might experience after termination of pregnancy or miscarriage, and to investigate the level of knowledge related to contraceptives and other means of preventing unplanned pregnancy. The findings show that few people students are using contraceptives; this also indicates that there is lot that needs to be done in educating people about the use of contraceptives.